More Eye Pathologies related to the Retina:
Lens opacities: The eye has a natural lens positioned in the anterior eye segment, located just behind the iris, better visualized with the dilation of the pupil. Cataract Surgery has good results when used an artificial lens, the IOL (intraocular lens) to correct the grade corresponding to the lens to be extracted. The surgery is the phacoemulsification and it is performed through a small opening of 2.5 mm without suture.
Destructive disease of the optic nerve: Its main feature is an increase in intraocular pressure (IOP). Glaucoma is a serious disease with progressive, irreversibly, loss of visual acuity and field. The preventive treatment, and IOP control allows the preservation of vision and visual field.
Rheumatic diseases such as Rheumatoid Arthritis, Lupus, Becet disease, etc.. Affect the eyes and especially the retinal function. Patients who have such diseases, and taking medicines such as chloroquine, which also affect the retina and causes visual disturbances, could have loss vision. All patients with rheumatic diseases should be accompanied by an ophthalmologist.